On 2 December 2020, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin and Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China Li Keqiang will hold the 25th regular meeting of the heads of government of Russia and China via videoconference


The heads of government will discuss current issues of developing Russian-Chinese relations of comprehensive partnership and strategic interaction. Particular attention will be paid to cooperation in the investment, industrial, energy, agricultural and transport fields, and to enhancing scientific, educational, cultural and humanitarian contacts.

Mikhail Mishustin and Li Keqiang will adopt a joint communique following the 25th regular meeting of the heads of government of Russia and China.

Official speeches and statements – November 25, 2020

Source: Crèches et assistantes maternelles : le masque est-il obligatoire ?

1. Libya – Libyan Political Dialogue Forum – Communiqué issued by the Presidency of the Republic (Paris – November 23, 2020)

France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom welcome the results of the first round of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum which took place in Tunis from November 7 to 15, based on UNSC resolution 2510 (2020) and the conclusions of the Berlin Conference on Libya.

At the Forum, the Libyans agreed on a road map to national elections on December 24, 2021. This is an important step to restore Libya’s sovereignty and the democratic legitimacy of its institutions.

These political efforts build upon the comprehensive ceasefire agreement concluded in Geneva on October 23 and progress within the Libyan Joint Military Commission (5+5). We reiterate our call on the Libyan parties to fully implement the ceasefire agreement. In this respect we commend the efforts made by the Libyan parties during their meetings in the Libyan towns of Ghadames, Sirte and Brega.

France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom also welcome the widespread resumption of oil production and Libyan discussions on reforming security provision at oil installations. It is clear that these arrangements must remain firmly in Libyan hands. We also urge Libyan parties, with the support of UNSMIL, to agree a mechanism for the fair and transparent use of oil revenues, for the benefit of the Libyan people.

France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom are looking forward to the next session of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum starting virtually on November 23. We fully share and support the overall objective of the LPDF to generate consensus on a new unified governance framework, based on the agreement reached in Tunis outlining the structure and prerogatives for the new reformed Presidency Council and a separate head of government who will lead the transition. To achieve this result would send a strong signal of unity and Libyan ownership of the country’s political future.

France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom congratulate Acting SRSG Stephanie Williams for her tremendous work and express their full support to the UNSMIL-led process, and call on all Libyan and international parties to refrain from any parallel and uncoordinated initiative which risks to undermine the UN-led efforts. We are ready to take measures against those who obstruct the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum and other tracks of the Berlin process, as well as those who continue to plunder state funds or commit human rights abuses and violations throughout the country.

More than ever, today, we stand with the immense majority of Libyans who reject the status quo, any military or violent option to settle the crisis and terrorism. We share their opposition to all foreign interference, and support their willingness to come together in peaceful and patriotic dialogue.

2. United Nations – Iraq – Statement by Ms. Nathalie Broadhurst, deputy permanent representative of France to the United Nations at the Security Council (New York – November 24, 2020)

[translation from French]

Madam President,

I thank the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for her presentation. Madam Special Representative, you have the full support of France, and I would like to commend the absolutely remarkable work of UNAMI under your leadership, as well as that of the entire UN family in Iraq.

Today I would like to address three points.

First of all, I would like to express France’s support for Mr. Kadhimi’s Iraqi government, as the President of the Republic did during his visit to Iraq in September and as he did again during the Iraqi Prime Minister’s visit to Paris in October. Together with the Iraqi government, we will continue our efforts to mobilize the country’s regional and international partners in support of an initiative to strengthen its stability and security.

The Iraqi authorities are carrying out very ambitious reforms in a context made even more difficult by the COVID-19 pandemic. And these reforms are absolutely essential, as you said, to meet the legitimate aspirations of the Iraqis by modernizing the economy, reforming the administration, strengthening the protection of human rights and resolutely fighting corruption.

We welcomed the announcement of early elections in June 2021. UNAMI’s support to the Iraqi authorities and the Independent High Electoral Commission in the organization of these elections is extremely valuable, all of this to ensure that the elections will of course be free and transparent. A broad participation of all components of society, especially youth and women, will of course be crucial in building the democratic future of the country. France is contributing one million euros to the financing of UNAMI’s activities in this area, and it encourages the entire international community to work to ensure that these elections run smoothly and that there is full confidence in the electoral process.

We also welcome the progress in the dialogue between Baghdad and Erbil. The Sinjar agreement is very promising in this regard. The projects we are supporting in the region in the health sector will also make it possible to support this movement in the service of the population.

Despite the promising announcements and the progress made on the ground, however, we remain concerned about the attacks targeting demonstrators, civil society, human rights defenders and journalists. It is imperative that the perpetrators be prosecuted, as trust cannot be built without justice.

My second point concerns the security challenges facing Iraq. Terrorism is the first of them. It is our common challenge. The fight against Daesh is not over. The international coalition’s military contribution in support of the Iraqi authorities remains indispensable even if its modalities of action can be adapted to the changing threat in the first place, of course. UNITAD’s work is absolutely essential in the fight against impunity.

It is also crucial that the Iraqi State hold the monopoly on the exercise of force in the country. The action of certain armed groups is very worrying, especially the unacceptable attacks on diplomatic strongholds. And we welcome the efforts that have been undertaken by the Iraqi government to stop them.

In such a context, it is all the more essential to ensure that Iraq remains free from regional tensions and that its sovereignty and territorial integrity are respected.

In this regard, we welcome the Iraqi government’s strong commitment to balanced and good-neighborly diplomacy. The recent progress in the return of remains of Kuwaiti and third country nationals is testimony to this. It is important that they continue.

Finally, and this is my third point, I would like to say a word about the humanitarian situation. Every effort must be made to ensure safe and unhindered humanitarian access to all those in need of assistance in Iraq. And I am thinking in particular of the hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons, who must be able to continue to receive assistance when they leave the camps. The recent announcements of camp closures must be implemented in a coordinated manner, and accompanied by a concrete plan to support the return of people.

This is all the more crucial as the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread in the country at an extremely worrying rate.

It is also essential to intensify vaccination campaigns, as the pandemic has led to a 20-30% decrease in vaccination rates in the country. We have a collective responsibility in this regard to prevent avoidable outbreaks of polio or measles.

So there are many challenges, as you said, Madam Special Representative. But France is determined to accompany Iraq at this important moment in its history.

Thank you.

Décès de Diego Maradona

Source: President of the Republic of France in French
Le Président de la République française a publié la déclaration suivante:

La main de Dieu avait déposé un génie du football sur terre. Elle vient de nous le reprendre, d’un dribble imprévu qui a trompé toutes nos défenses. Voulait-elle, par ce geste, trancher le débat du siècle : Diego Maradona est-il le plus grand joueur de football de tous les temps ? Les larmes de millions d’orphelins y répondent en ce jour par une évidence douloureuse. 

Né dans une banlieue pauvre de Buenos Aires, Diego Armando Maradona fait rêver sa famille et son quartier par ses passements de jambes qui crucifieront bientôt les meilleurs défenseurs européens. Boca juniors et les derbys mythiques le révèlent au football mondial. C’est Barcelone qui décroche le diamant, pensant avoir enfin trouvé le successeur de Johan Cruyff pour dominer à nouveau le football européen. 

Mais c’est à Naples que Diego devient Maradona. Dans le sud italien, le pibe de oro retrouve la démesure des stades d’Amérique du Sud, la ferveur irrationnelle des supporters et emmène Naples sur la route du Scudetto, sur les toits de l’Europe. Le mezzogiorno tient sa revanche sur l’histoire et ce n’est que le renfort de Platini qui permettra à la Juventus de ferrailler à nouveau à armes égales avec son rival historique. 

Joueur somptueux et imprévisible, le football de Maradona n’avait rien de récité. Avec une inspiration toujours renouvelée, il inventait sans cesse des gestes et des frappes venus d’ailleurs. Danseur en crampons, pas vraiment athlète, plutôt artiste, il incarnait la magie du jeu.

Mais il lui restait à écrire l’histoire d’un pays meurtri par la dictature et par une défaite militaire. Cette résurrection a lieu en 1986, dans le match le plus géopolitique de l’histoire du football, un quart de finale de coupe du monde contre l’Angleterre de Margaret Thatcher. Le 22 juin 1986, à Mexico, il marque un premier but avec Dieu pour coéquipier. Le miracle est contesté, mais l’arbitre n’a rien vu : le sens de l’esbrouffe de Maradona lui arrache le point. S’ensuit « le but du siècle », qui convoque les mânes des plus grands dribbleurs du football : Garrincha, Kopa, Pelé réunis dans une seule action. Sur 50 mètres, dans une course hallucinante, il passe en revue la moitié de l’équipe anglaise, dribble le gardien Shilton avant de propulser le ballon dans les filets et l’Albiceleste dans le dernier carré de la coupe du monde. Dans le même match, dieu et diable, il marque les deux buts les plus célèbres de l’histoire du football. Il y avait un roi Pelé, il y a désormais un Dieu Diego.  

Avec la même grâce, la même insolence superbe, il se faufile jusqu’à la finale qu’il marque par le plus beau geste du football : la passe décisive, le but des numéro 10. Lorsqu’il soulève le trophée, un mythe est né : l’enfant terrible est devenu le meilleur joueur du monde. Et la coupe du monde retrouve l’Argentine : cette fois, c’est celle du peuple, pas celle des généraux. 

Ce goût du peuple, Diego Maradona le vivra aussi hors des terrains. Mais ses expéditions auprès de Fidel Castro comme de Hugo Chavez auront le gout d’une défaite amère. C’est bien sur les terrains que Maradona a fait la révolution. 

Le Président de la République salue ce souverain incontesté du ballon rond que les Français ont tant aimé. A tous ceux qui ont économisé leur argent de poche pour compléter enfin l’album Panini Mexico 1986 avec sa vignette, à tous ceux qui ont tenté de négocier avec leur compagne pour baptiser leur fils Diego, à ses compatriotes argentins, aux Napolitains qui ont dessiné des fresques dignes de Diego Riveira à son effigie, à tous les amoureux de football, le Président de la République adresse ses condoléances émues. Diego se queda.

Rencontre avec les jeunes femmes à qui l’association « Une femme, un toit » a tendu la main.

Source: President of the Republic of France in French
Le Président de la République française a publié la déclaration suivante:

À l’occasion de la Journée internationale pour l’élimination de la violence à l’égard des femmes, après avoir adressé un message vidéo, le Président de la République s’est rendu dans les locaux de l’association « Une femme, un toit ».

Cette structure accueille des jeunes filles victimes de violences et prodigue un accompagnement global – accès au logement, traitement des problématiques de santé, accompagnement vers le chemin de l’emploi – aux jeunes filles hébergées.

Lisez le message du Président Emmanuel Macron diffusé à l’issue de sa visite :

Support for peace, stabilisation and development efforts in Afghanistan


‘As one the world’s poorest countries, Afghanistan will continue to be an important partner for Norwegian development assistance. Norway will maintain a high level of aid until the end of 2024, and has allocated approximately NOK 650 million to development assistance and humanitarian support in 2021. The level and disbursement of our support will be determined based on the Afghan government’s efforts against corruption, among other factors. Satisfactory progress in the peace process is important’ said the Minister of Foreign Affairs Ine Eriksen Søreide.

Ms Eriksen Søreide participated in the international donor conference for Afghanistan on 23-24 November. The conference took place during a period of change for Afghanistan, not least in the light of the ongoing peace negotiations between the Taliban and representatives of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in Doha, Qatar, and the prospect of a drawdown of US and NATO forces. Afghanistan remains one of the poorest countries in the world and has experienced 40 years of armed conflict. Together with allies and partners, Norway is supporting efforts to promote peace, stability and development.

‘There are grounds for cautious optimism. Our hope is that the talks will soon be able to enter a more substantive phase. A peaceful solution is crucial for sustainable development, and our support will be considered in light of progress in the Afghan peace negotiations. The talks need to move forward. It is important that a possible peace agreement safeguards what has been achieved since 2001 in areas such as democracy, human rights and gender equality. The donor conference is intended to support the peace process and a potential peace agreement,’ says Eriksen Søreide.

The conference took place virtually and was co-organised by Afghanistan, Finland and the UN. This conference is held every four years, and provides an opportunity for Afghanistan, the UN and the donor countries to take stock and discuss the way forward for development cooperation with Afghanistan. The last conference was held in Brussels in 2016.

Norway increases support for civilians fleeing from Tigray


‘I am very concerned about the grave humanitarian consequences of the conflict in the Tigray region in Ethiopia. The civilian population has been severely affected, and thousands of people are being forced to flee every day. Norway will provide approximately NOK 27 million to support the humanitarian response. This support will be used to provide emergency relief to the population in Tigray and to the refugees who have crossed the border into Sudan,’ said Minister of Foreign Affairs Ine Eriksen Søreide.

The conflict in the Tigray region started at the beginning of November, and appears to be escalating with each day that passes. Over the past weeks, 40 000 people have been forced to flee. Humanitarian actors report an acute and growing need for assistance in both the Tigray region and in the border areas of eastern Sudan.

‘It is very difficult to obtain an overview of the humanitarian situation. Telephone lines and the internet have been closed down, and neither humanitarian actors nor the international press have access to the affected areas. Refugees who have managed to cross the border into eastern Sudan have reported immense humanitarian suffering – violence towards civilians, families that have fled leaving their possessions behind, and children who have become separated from their parents,’ said Ms Eriksen Søreide.

Norway’s contribution will go to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and channelled to local partner organisations through the UN. The funds will be used where the needs are greatest, and where actors have access at all times to the affected population. The Norwegian Refugee Council and Norwegian Church Aid are currently preparing a response to the refugee crisis.

Norway will also provide the equipment needed to set up offices and accommodation for aid workers under the auspices of the UN. The working and living conditions for humanitarian aid workers in eastern Sudan are unacceptable, and there is an urgent need to find a solution. The equipment will be dispatched by the Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection this week.

‘I urge the parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian law, provide safe and unhindered humanitarian access to all those in need, and ensure the protection of the civilian population. The hostilities in the Tigray region must cease. Only a political solution can put an end to this crisis, and the parties must come together and negotiate a ceasefire as soon as possible,’ said Ms Eriksen Søreide.

Norway supports the efforts of the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development to find a solution to the crisis.

Ensuring that people in need are given the necessary protection and assistance, in line with the humanitarian principles, is a key objective of Norway’s humanitarian policy, as set out in Norway’s Humanitarian Strategy. In a situation of armed conflict, civilians have a right to seek protection either in their own country or, if necessary, in another country.

Pour être protégé contre le licenciement, le lanceur d’alerte doit avoir dénoncé des faits délictueux

Source: Republic of France in French
La République française a publié la déclaration suivante:

Crédits : © opolja – stock.adobe.com

Vous avez connaissance d’un risque grave dans votre entreprise et vous voulez savoir ce que vous risquez à le dénoncer. Une jurisprudence de la Cour de cassation vient de le préciser. Le lanceur d’alerte est protégé d’un licenciement. Mais cette protection n’est valable que si les faits qu’il dénonce sont de nature à caractériser une infraction pénale (crime ou délit).

Un salarié, engagé en qualité de consultant senior, a procédé à l’enregistrement sonore d’un entretien informel qu’il a eu avec son employeur dans lequel celui-ci évoquait les relations de l’entreprise avec les syndicats.

Quelques jours plus tard, le salarié diffusait l’enregistrement sur une plate forme de partage de vidéo et en informait les salariés par courriel.

Son employeur l’a licencié pour faute grave, invoquant un manquement aux obligations de loyauté.

Devant les tribunaux, le salarié demande la reconnaissance de sa qualité de lanceur d’alerte et, de fait, la nullité du licenciement.

La cour d’appel lui reconnaît cette qualité et prononce la nullité du licenciement.

La Cour de cassation n’est pas de cet avis. Elle rappelle que la protection du lanceur d’alerte ne vaut que pour la dénonciation de faits constitutifs de crimes ou de délits.

Adaptation des enseignements et poursuite des travaux sur l’enseignement militaire supérieur

À la suite de l’annonce gouvernementale instaurant un deuxième confinement, la direction de l’enseignement militaire supérieur (DEMS) a adapté son fonctionnement pour assurer la continuité de la formation des officiers et poursuivre les travaux initiés dans le cadre du mandat sur l’enseignement militaire supérieur (EMS), confié par le chef d’état-major des armées (CEMA) au général de corps d’armée Patrick Destremau, directeur de l’Institut des hautes études de défense nationale et de l’EMS.

EZB sieht ein abruptes Ende der Corona-Hilfen, die steigende Verschuldung und zunehmende Risikobereitschaft als Gefahren

Source: Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht
Die Europäische Zentralbank sieht in der Corona-Pandemie weiterhin eine Gefahr für die Finanzstabilität. In ihrem aktuellen Finanzstabilitätsbericht weist die Notenbank darauf hin, dass ein vorschnelles Ende politischer Hilfen sowohl die Unternehmen als auch die Haushalte unter Druck setzen könnte.

Prime Minister Stefan Löfven’s address to the nation Sunday 22 November


Tonight I would like to say a few words that I’d like you to bear in mind now as winter darkness settles over us.

This year, the world has changed before our very eyes.

Early this spring, we were faced with a huge challenge in the form of a pandemic.

The COVID-19 virus forced us all to make major sacrifices.

We have had to refrain from so much of what we hold dear.

We have had to cancel or avoid so many of our normal activities.

And tonight, in late November 2020, it is clear that it will be some time before we can return to what we consider ‘normal’.

For this reason, I will once again ask you for something that is very difficult but completely necessary.


The short respite we experienced during the summer and autumn is truly over.

Then, neighbours and friends could get together outdoors for a cup of coffee. We were able to our meet our frail relatives out in the fresh air.

Life did not return to normal – but there were moments during those lovely summer days when it almost felt as if it had.

This spring, many people said that at least COVID-19 had struck during the bright days of March rather than the dark days of November.

Now it is November.

People’s health and lives are still at risk.

And the danger is increasing.

More and more people are being infected.
More and more ICU places are being used for treating seriously ill COVID-19 patients. More and more people are dying.

Let us remember that more than 6 000 people in Sweden have already died from COVID-19.
Let us remember that for every person who has died, there are people who have lost a beloved parent, a beloved child or a beloved friend.
Let us remember how overworked health and social care staff were.
And let us remember that they are still hard at work, day and night, to save lives.

What we as a country do wrong now, we will suffer for later. What we get right now, we will benefit from later.

What we do now will affect how we celebrate Lucia Day.

How we celebrate Christmas.
Who is still with us at Christmas time.
It may sound harsh. It may sound brutal.
But this is exactly how harsh and brutal reality is.


We know what we have to do to flatten the curve of transmission.

We’ve done it before. We did it last spring.

Then, when COVID-19 arrived in our country, we all agreed to take responsibility.

We took responsibility for Sweden. We protected ourselves, our loved ones and people we don’t even know.

We took responsibility and we gave health and social care staff a chance to cope with the acute crisis.

We did it together. This is our strength, Sweden’s strength.

This autumn, too many of us have neglected to follow the advice and recommendations.

But now we see that people are starting to take responsibility again. That fewer people are travelling, and more are working from home.

Continue to do so – and stay strong.

But we all must to do more.

It depends on you and me.

Stay updated as to the advice and recommendations that apply where you are.
Only get together with those you live with.
If you live alone, choose no more than one or two friends to socialise with. But continue to keep your distance.
Stay at home if you have the slightest symptoms.
Wash your hands often and carefully.
And employers: if possible, arrange for your employees to work from home.

Regarding all the things you’d like to do but that are not necessary:
Cancel them. Re-book them. Postpone them.

It will be some time before this is over. And until then, this is the new ‘normal’ for all of society, for all of Sweden.


To those who feel that everything is dark now, let me say: the situation is not hopeless.

Sweden is being tested. But Sweden will pull through.
Our health and social care are functioning, despite everything.
Buildings and roads are being built, despite everything.
Our children are getting an education and are eager to learn, despite everything.

We must take this situation very seriously, but we will do so with discipline, determination and courage.

To those who may feel that this doesn’t concern them, let me say:

Even if you only become mildly ill, you can still infect others. In restaurants, at work, during meals at home, on buses or in shops.

A stranger you infect may become very ill.
A friend you infect may need hospital care.
A grandparent you infect may die.

These are the people for whom you should make sacrifices. These are the people for whom you must show determination, self-discipline and a sense of responsibility.


When this crisis is over, we must all be able to remember how we helped one another.

Remember the solidarity. Remember the feeling of community and the feeling of doing the right thing. Remember how we pushed back the spread of infection and lifted our country.

But this means that here and now, we must show our solidarity and our sense of responsibility.

And that these are stronger than the virus we are going to defeat.

So now let’s get on with this.


For Sweden.